Why is tourism a problem in Barcelona?

How does tourism affect Barcelona?

The number of tourists visiting the city of Barcelona went from 3.7 million in 1990 to 31 million in 2016. As beneficial as it might seem for Barcelona’s economy, the tourism sector has begun to do more damage than good, destroying their environment and robbing the quality of life of its residents.

Does Barcelona depend on tourism?

But Barcelona City Council has now launched its Strategic Plan for Tourism 2020 [8], which recognises the city’s dependence on tourism, but acknowledges that it must move away from constant promotion and increasing numbers, and focus more on governance to ensure that tourism is sustainable.

What are the negative impacts of tourism in Barcelona?

Barcelona’s tourism industry and its production model leads to very serious impacts and conflicts for the local society and the environment: The expulsion of residents for the transformation of their houses into tourist accommodations (hotels and both legal and illegal apartments);

How is tourism in Barcelona?

According to a survey run by the city council in 2019, 5.2 percent of citizens in Barcelona saw tourism as their main problem. Nevertheless, that share went down from 15.6 percent in 2017, which could be partly explained by the so-called tourist tax, collected by the regional government since 2012.

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How does tourism affect Spain?

Tourism is, therefore, one of the major drivers of the Spanish economy. In the first half of the 2010s, the gross value added (GVA) of industries related to tourist accommodation and food services in the country was more than 50 billion euros in each respective year.

Why is Spain so dependent on tourism?

The share of tourism in total economic output continued to grow. In the years of European integration, Spain enacted a modernization program in the 1990s. Shipyards, steel companies, textile companies were privatized, and some were closed. Instead, the government opted for tourism as the driving force of the economy.

Does tourism always have a negative effect on the host country?

Money generated by tourism does not always benefit the local community, as some of it leaks out to huge international companies, such as hotel chains. Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.

What are the positive effects of tourism to the economy of Barcelona?

The positive impact is seen best at the economic level.

The tourism sector is one of the driving forces of Barcelona’s economy, together with the manufacturing and fashion industries. Today it accounts for € 20 million per day, 11% of the region’s GDP, with about half a million tourism-related jobs.

How does tourism affect the environment in Spain?

Changes in water availability, biodiversity loss, reduced landscape aesthetic, altered agricultural production (e.g., wine tourism), increased natural hazards, coastal erosion and inundation, damage to infrastructure and the increasing incidence of vector-borne diseases will all impact tourism to varying degrees.

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How much of Barcelona’s economy is tourism?

Tourism accounts for 12% of Catalan GDP and has become one of the most notable economic activities. In fact, Barcelona and Catalonia are one of the top European destinations and received more than 19 million foreign tourists (2019).